Todd Rowley was born in Cumberland, Maryland. He obtained an undergraduate degree from Washington College in Chestertown in May 1986. Rowley began working as a substitute teacher for K-12 schools in 2014. Below is a brief timeline of Rowley's other professional experience:
- 2015-2017: Park ranger
- 1990-2014: FBI special agent
- 1987-1990: State trooper/flight paramedic
- 1986: Police officer
Rowley obtained the following professional credentials during his career: FBI special agent, supervisory special agent, and unit chief; FBI intelligence officer; and national registered EMT-paramedic. He is a member of the FBI Agents Association and the Society of Former Special Agents of the FBI and a volunteer for Somerset County Meals On Wheels and the Westmoreland County Food Bank.