Ahmad has worked as a molecular biologist and entrepreneur. Prior to running for auditor general, she was Deputy Mayor for Public Engagement in Philadelphia. Aside from her professional experience, she has served as president of the Philadelphia NOW and on the board of the Philadelphia Foundation. She was also a member of the National Advisory Commission on Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders under President Barack Obama.
Ahmad earned her Ph.D. in from the University of Pennsylvania. She immigrated to the United States from Bangladesh when she was 21 years old.